The Bat-eared Fox – a family inherited fascination

A Childhood Fantasy to see the Bat-eared Fox

My childhood fascination with the Bat-eared Fox was a family inherited trait that I still cannot fully understand or explain. My earliest recollection of hearing about this little fox can solely be laid at the feet of my uncle. After having a few beers, he would triumphantly announce that he was going to buy a Bat-eared Fox as a pet. In later years I realised that it was clearly the beer talking, but I would eagerly await visits to his house, fully expecting him to have a new pet. I know of no reason why he selected this particular species as a topic of frivolity, but the fascination was entrenched in my young mind.

The library I visited at the time (before the internet) showed this little dog-like creature with big ears, a black face mask and a bushy tail. I couldn’t wait to see it in the wild someday.

"Bat-eared Fox - Marinovich Photography"

"Bat-eared Fox hunting - Marinovich Photography"

"Bat-eared Fox in the Masai Mara - Marinovich Photography"

"Bat-eared Fox Pair - Marinovich Photography"

"Bat-eared Fox at its lair - Marinovich Photography"


Seeing them for the first time

On my recent trip to Kenya’s Masai Mara to photograph the wildebeest migration, I caught my first glimpse of this small fox. It was darting around with his ears tipped forward, listening intently to all manner of sounds on the ground in front of it. The running about was only punctuated with its frequent and random ‘stop and pounce’ behaviour. I was too fascinated to get any photos and would have to wait for the following day to get any decent images.

One of the most important things you can have in the Mara is a driver who not only understands the variety of species you will encounter but also knows how to approach them in a jeep so that you can get decent pictures without causing stress to the animal. Dixon was such a driver. He realised that we wanted to see more of these little foxes and told us of a place where there might be more.

The following afternoon we drove to an area of open savannah grassland, and while taking photos of Eland and Thompson Gazelle, we spooked two Bat-eared foxes from their afternoon resting spot. They quickly ran to their nearby underground den and Dixon slowly got the vehicle in a position to get some banker shots. After a few minutes, the large ears popped up, and I got my first photos. We stayed in that position for a while before Dixon edged us even closer. The foxes lay unperturbed and dozed off in the afternoon sun. We managed to get some great portraits, and it was special to be able to spend so much time with them.


Interaction with a Black-backed Jackal

Two days later we came across another group of three foxes, and although they were more skittish, Dixon performed his magic again. I got more shots of them lying together in the cool morning dew before they bolted for no apparent reason.

They headed straight for a hole in the ground and no sooner had they reached it when a Black-backed Jackal came running to guard what was conceivably its den. When it reached about twenty metres away from the foxes, it suddenly lay down and watched them intently. I had no prior knowledge of these species tolerating each other, but the three foxes left the den and went over to where the Jackal was lying. After sniffing around him, one of them lay down less than 2 metres away. It was great to see these two species interacting that way.


"Bat-eared Fox running- Marinovich Photography"

"Bat-eared Fox with a Black-backed Jackal - Marinovich Photography"


In November of the same year, I went to the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park in South Africa for an extended trip. These are self-driving trips, and you’re able to spend more time with the southern foxes than their Mara’s cousins. I feel so lucky to have seen both sub-species, and it proves that your childhood fantasies can come true.

"Bat-eared Fox in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park - Marinovich Photography""Bat-eared Fox with cub - Marinovich Photography"









Scientic name: Otocyon megalotis

2 sub-species exist:

Otocyon megalotis virgatus (Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya)

Otocyon megalotis megalotis (Namibia, Botswana, South Africa)


  • The Bat-eared Foxe is more dainty than the Jackal and stands 30cm at the shoulder. Its total length of about 60-80cm with an average weight of 5Kg.
  • The ears of a Bat-eared Fox are about 13cmx10cm wide
  • They have a dense coat of hair that moults once a year. A beige grey in colour with black highlights and a bushy tail.
  • They prefer drier arid areas of Eastern and Southern Africa where they forage for small mammals, insects, fruit and carrion. They are likely to pounce at the slight noise in the grass.


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